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Steve Fineberg, Partner, Internal Audit Services, Moss Adams Kevin Villanueva, Partner, Cybersecurity Consulting Services, Moss Adams

How to Integrate Cybersecurity with Your IT and Internal Audit Teams

By Steve Fineberg, Partner, Internal Audit Services, Moss Adams
By Kevin Villanueva, Partner, Cybersecurity Consulting Services, Moss Adams

See all this Month's Articles

Original Publish Date: September 7, 2021

IT and internal audit teams share a common goal to protect your organization from risks, but collaboration between teams can sometimes cause friction due to key differences in approach and language.

If you can better understand how these teams interact, and some of the common collaboration challenges they face, your organization can help facilitate a stronger cybersecurity defense.

What Are IT and Internal Audit Teams’ Roles in Cybersecurity?

Many companies augment their cybersecurity efforts with internal audit teams, which evaluate internal controls, regulate risks, and streamline operations.

IT and internal audit teams are part of a larger cybersecurity strategy, with separate responsibilities and focus areas. Regardless of the organization’s size, industry, market, or risk tolerance, successful defense requires coordination and a shared ethos of risk management.

The graphic below shows an example of how these teams fit into a company’s overall security operations.

A company's overall security operations graph

First Line: Manage

The first line of defense involves the front-line process owners assessing activities that create underlying risks.

For the objectives of cybersecurity, the goal is to identify underlying cyberthreats and design and implement controls to address them.

Second Line: Monitor

Once the proper controls are in place, the next step is for senior management to leverage their competence and expertise, monitor these controls, and make sure operations run effectively.

This second line of defense helps address underlying objectives of first line activities and operations. This is especially important in a remote work environment.

Third Line: Assure

In the final line of defense, the audit committee acts as an objective and unbiased resource that should report to the board to avoid influence from the management team. The committee uses independent validation to assess their ability to address cyberthreats appropriately and effectively.

The internal audit team plays the role of both police and advisor, which means internal audits are only effective when there’s trust between IT, the audit team, and other departments across the organization. Collaboration between these teams helps unveil problems - and provides quicker identification and solutions development.

Doing one thorough review as opposed to frequent ineffective reviews helps improve the efficiency of the audit process, and the best way to achieve that is to make sure both groups understand the value of working together.

Having the governance team working with the IT team to share a big picture understanding of the risks as part of due diligence can be hugely beneficial. In the same vein, internal audit teams should have a relationship with the board and work with IT to communicate up to the board.

How Can IT and Internal Audit Teams Improve Their Collaboration?

While IT and internal audit teams share a common goal, their methods and approaches can differ greatly. There are a few steps you can take to help these teams collaborate more effectively:

Align Language

Both IT and internal audit teams have their own languages and terms, which can create barriers to understanding when the two groups work together. Often, auditors who have a technical understanding of IT basics of IT can help reduce confusion.

Here are some examples of how teams may use different terms to refer to the same idea.

Different business terms for IT and Internal Audit departments

Increase Communication

Audit and IT teams frequently compete for the same budget and funding resources using different control frameworks, which means divisions occur naturally, and basic attitudes between each team can be vastly different.

For example, compliance for an IT team is considered a baseline security standard, whereas internal audit teams see it as one of several factors to consider when it comes to security. Cyberthreats often move faster than compliance standards can be written or adjusted to deal with these security issues.

Internal audit teams are often further from an issue in terms of process and time. IT establishes their security standards, and the results needed to be audited and examined after a period of time to search for gaps or breakdowns.

Any issues identified by the internal audit will then be remediated. Internal audit teams could have a broader, more holistic view of the organization that allows them to assist with more cross-functional solutions.

However, in that same time period, other cyberthreats could occur and change; IT needs to respond immediately to address any risk. That’s why it’s important for IT to communicate issues with other teams in a timely manner, so they have the appropriate budget to address solutions.

Due to the independence and objectivity requirements placed on internal audit teams, it can often seem like their role is to police security, although it’s really to improve overall security. Taking these differences into account can help smooth friction between the two teams as they work toward achieving shared goals.

Other ways to improve collaboration include:

Share and Understand Data Goals

The ultimate goal is the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive data. This includes:

Through increased and transparent collaboration, IT and internal audit teams work toward improving the security and functionality of their organization.

They can design an audit that will allow for the greatest amount of collaboration, so they’re able to prevent, spot, and address cyberthreats as quickly as possible.

We’re Here to Help

For more information about strengthening collaboration between your IT and internal audit teams, contact your Moss Adams professional.

Steve Fineberg has been providing auditing, accounting, and consulting services since 2003. He helps clients streamline their risk compliance efforts through risk assessments, controls evaluations, and operational effectiveness testing. He can be reached at (916) 503-8175 or

Kevin Villanueva has been in the IT field since 1997. He focuses on IT security assessments, penetration testing, HIPAA compliance audits, and strategic technology planning. He can be reached at (206) 302-6542 or